Maintaining Dental Wellness During Pregnancy

Are you concerned about seeking dental care during your pregnancy? Rest assured, both the American Dental Association and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists affirm that oral health care during pregnancy is not only safe but also delaying necessary treatment can have negative consequences.

Pregnancy can sometimes lead to oral health challenges, including issues with gum health and dental erosion.

Gum Health

The hormonal changes that occur during pregnancy can increase the vulnerability to gum problems. Gingivitis, characterized by gum inflammation, is a common concern. Symptoms might involve swelling and bleeding. Taking some extra steps to care for your oral health can be beneficial. Consider the following practices:

  • Brush your teeth for two minutes twice a day using fluoride toothpaste.
  • Clean between your teeth daily with dental floss or an interdental cleaner.

Neglected gingivitis can progress into periodontitis, a condition in which the infection extends beneath the gum line and can harm the supportive tissues that anchor your teeth. Without proper dental care, teeth might become loose or even require extraction.

During pregnancy, some women might experience the development of gum lumps. While these lumps are typically painless, they can complicate maintaining good oral hygiene. Usually, these lumps subside after childbirth. However, if they hinder your ability to care for your teeth, consulting your dentist about their removal could be a consideration but this is extremely rare.

Dental Erosion

Dental erosion involves the gradual loss of the protective outer layer of your teeth due to repeated exposure to acidic substances. Frequent vomiting, often associated with pregnancy, can heighten the risk of dental erosion.

To mitigate dental erosion, rinsing your mouth with a solution of one teaspoon of baking soda dissolved in one cup of water after vomiting can help. However, it’s important not to brush immediately after rinsing. This approach helps halt the acid attack on your teeth, allowing time for your enamel to reharden. It’s recommended to wait about an hour before brushing your teeth.

Additional Considerations

You may be curious about dental X-rays, medication usage, and the optimal timing for dental visits during pregnancy. Dental X-rays are considered safe with the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists suggesting a protective apron for your throat and abdomen during imaging.

If you require medication as part of your dental care, your dentist can recommend suitable options. For instance, safe alternatives exist for local anesthesia, antibiotics, and pain relief that align with pregnancy requirements.

While dental treatment remains safe throughout pregnancy, the second trimester might be a more comfortable period for you. Nausea and vomiting are often more pronounced during the first trimester, while the reclined chair position could be less ideal during the third trimester due to the baby’s weight. Communicate any discomfort or lightheadedness during treatment to your dentist, who can adjust accordingly.


Leading dental and obstetrician associations emphasize the safety and significance of maintaining oral health during pregnancy. Regular dental checkups during pregnancy can contribute to the overall wellness of your mouth.